Warts are actually an infection in the top layer of skin, caused by viruses of the human papillomavirus, or HPV, family. When the virus invades the outer layer of skin, it causes rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of skin – creating the wart.
The virus causes the top layer of skin to grow rapidly, forming a Wart. Most warts go away on their own within months or years. Warts can grow anywhere on the body, and there are different kinds. For example, common warts grow most often on the hands, but they can grow anywhere.
There are different options available for the treatment of wart removal. Usually the treatment is started with the least painful method, especially when treating the children. Using a laser to disrupt the blood supply of the warts. Application of cantharidin, podophyllin , tretinoin, or salicylic acid. Injection with bleomycin, a chemotherapy drug, directly into the warts. Application of imiquimod, a cream that induces your immune system to destroy the wart.
Sometimes, warts may recur after treatment and more than one type of treatment may be necessary. Although practitioners attempt to clear warts quickly, most methods require multiple treatments. Treatments may include:
- Freezing (Cryotherapy): Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze a wart. A blister forms around the wart and the dead tissue falls off within one to two weeks.
- Cantharidin: This substance, an extract of a blister beetle and applied to the skin, forms a blister around the wart. After cantharidin is applied, the area is covered with a bandage. The blister lifts the wart off the skin.
- Other medications: These include bleomycin, which is injected into a wart to kill a virus, and imiquimod, an immunotherapy drug that stimulates your own immune system to fight off the wart virus. It comes in the form of a prescription cream. Although imiquimod is stated for genital warts, it is modestly effective on other types of warts.
- Salicylic acid: Over-the-counter wart treatments come in several forms (gel, ointments or pads) and contain salicylic acid as the active ingredient. When applied on a regular basis, the acid gradually dissolves the wart tissue. The process may take several weeks.
- Minor surgery: When warts cannot be removed by other therapies, surgery may be used to cut away the wart. The base of the wart will be destroyed using an electric needle or by cryosurgery (deep freezing).
- Laser surgery: This procedure utilizes an intense beam of light (laser) to burn and destroy wart tissue.
For further queries / discussions about Mole/Skin Tag/Corn/Wart Removal please visit and meet our experts at Cosmo Derm Clinic Faridabad NCR Delhi for best results.